National Council for the Social Studies 37th House of Delegates Assembly

November 20-21, 1993 Nashville, Tennessee 


Introductions by President Denny Schillings


President Denny Schillings called the House to order, reviewed House rules for discussion of issues, and introduced those on stage: Robert Stahl, the President-Elect; Peggy Altoff, the chair of the House Steering Committee; Rich Diem, the parliamentarian; and Martharose Laffey, the Executive Director. Ken Rasmussen, from the HOD Steering Committee, was the official timekeeper.


The President then introduced the NCSS Board of Directors, explaining that Michael Hartoonian, Vice President, Wisconsin, was finishing the standards presentation and would be arriving shortly. The NCSS Board of Directors are: Charlotte Anderson, Illinois; James Barth, Indiana; Carole Bigelow, Delaware; Elizabeth Cummins, New Mexico; Frances Davis, Georgia; Tracy Dussia, Virginia; Barbara Easley, Missouri; Joseph Gotchy, Washington; Cecelia Gross,

Massachusetts; Barbara Jackson, South Carolina; James Lane, Ohio; Tarry Lindquist, Washington; Nannette McGee, Georgia; Thomas McGowan, Arizona; Margit McGuire, Washington; Shirley Mead-Mezzetta, California; and Richard Moulden, Washington.

Adoption of Agenda

The agenda presented by Denny Schillings was moved, seconded, and adopted.

Approval of Minutes

The minutes of the 36th House of Delegates were approved as presented.

Credentials Committee

The Credentials Committee reported the count for the House of Delegates was 233 registered delegates.

Nominations of HOD Committees

Peggy Altoff, the Chair of the Steering Committee, reviewed the nominations process, reminded delegates of the procedures, and called for written nominations for the House of Delegates committees.

Report from New Executive Director

President Denny Schillings directed those present to his written report in the House packets and explained that he was yielding his time to the new executive director, Martharose Laffey, who was introduced by Robert Stahl, President-Elect, who provided the House with some background on Martharose.


Robert Stahl: Martharose received her B.A. in history and M.A. in anthropology at Catholic University of America in Washington, DC. She’s also a member of Phi Beta Kappa. She has a solid foundation in two of the social science disciplines that are integrated into what we call the social studies. In addition, Martharose brings more than fifteen years of public policy and association management and expertise to NCSS. Before joining us, she most recently served as Assistant Executive Director of the National School Boards Association located in Washington, DC. While there, she directed the National School Boards Association advocacy program for national public policy issues in education. She also supervised the National School Boards Association research efforts and educational development programs for state affiliates. She knows quite well the ins and outs of working with state affiliates. In addition to her experience there, she has also produced many publications and videotapes as part of her responsibilities.

I am personally pleased to have Martharose as our Executive Director. And now, on behalf of the officers and the Board of Directors of National Council for the Social Studies, I want to officially introduce you, the delegates and the membership of the National Council, to Martharose Laffey, our Executive Director.


Martharose Laffey: Thank you very much, Bob. I want you to note I almost fell off the platform as I got up there. That would have been quite an introduction to this group. The first item on my agenda is just to bring to your attention a housekeeping item. As you know, as an Executive Director, you have to make sure that you fulfill all your responsibilities, and one is making sure that the troops are all marching in the right direction. And for those of you who are not aware of it, if you’ve received Presidential Reception tickets, note that the date on the tickets was printed incorrectly. The tickets say tonight but in reality that reception is going to be tomorrow night. It’s going to begin at 6:15 in the Memphis room, which is this one, and the Chattanooga room, which I think must be right next door. So please be aware of that.

Let me begin by saying how very pleased I am to have been appointed your Executive Director. In fact, I’m more than pleased. I am thrilled. While I was Assistant Executive Director at the National School Boards Association, I was involved in education from a governance and public policy perspective. I feel that coming to NCSS enables me to improve education from a content and teaching perspective, and thus, to have perhaps more of a direct influence on the quality of education in our schools and the quality of education that we are providing to our children. And that is very significant from my perspective and in my career goals.

Since coming to NCSS on September 1st I have had the opportunity and pleasure of meeting many of you. I’ve been able to visit with the Maine and the Louisiana state councils to discuss our social studies standards project. At this meeting I’ve already met many of you. And I encourage those of you that I haven’t met to please just come up and introduce yourself when you find an opportunity. Just kind of barge right in and grab me and make yourself known because I really do look forward to meeting even more of you than I have already.

Bob told you a little bit about my background and I’ll tell a little bit more. I was born in New York City and grew up in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Where is the Rhode Island delegation? Are they here? That will be one of my first priorities. I was going to encourage them especially to come and meet me but I guess that’s not going to be possible. I’ll have to go and meet them.

As Bob mentioned, I got my B.A. in history. I came to Washington to go to Catholic University and I got my B.A. in history and my M.A. in anthropology at CU. I’ve worked for non-profit associations representing the governmental or public sector all my working life, generally working for either state or local government organizations or education organizations.

Bob talked about my experience at NSBA, so I’ll skip over that part of my speech. I just wanted to mention one thing specifically about my experience at NSBA. While I was there, I had a great deal of contact with national organizations that affect public policy in education but that are not actual education organizations. For example, the National Education Goals Panel. I was the staff liaison for NSBA to the Goals Panel and also to the National Council on Education Standards and Testing, to the National Governors Association, and the National Conference of State Legislatures. As you know, at the state level the governors and our state legislatures are becoming more and more active players in education policy. So I feel that I bring a strong background to NCSS in the area of working with those types of organizations, and I hope that that experience will benefit me in my work for you. I am also very familiar with the issues surrounding the development of national standards and national systems of assessment as a result of my work at NSBA.

As I mentioned, I hope my experience will help me address the challenges that I have seen at NCSS since coming to the organization. I see these challenges as an outsider since I have not been a practicing social studies professional. I have been an association manager working in education more generally. But as an outsider, I see the challenges that we face as being of two types. The first type is organizational challenges, and the second type is political challenges. The two are very much interrelated.

Organizational challenges first. As you know, for the past several years NCSS has been experiencing financial difficulties for a variety of reasons—a major one being the recession. One of our most important priorities has to be to get NCSS back on a sound financial footing. We are taking several steps, the Board and myself and our staff, to accomplish this, some of which are painful but necessary. Last year three staff positions were eliminated from our office. This was before Fran Haley, the former Executive Director, left. This past year another three have been eliminated. So we are trying to work with a lean and mean philosophy, and all our staff have assumed additional responsibilities both cheerfully and efficiently. They are really working to pull their load in an organization that doesn’t have as many people as it used to and yet still has the same or perhaps even more work. We have just completed an extensive audit for our last fiscal year, which ended June 30, 1993, and we’ll be using that as a basis to make improvements to our accounting and financial management practices over the long term.

With these measures and continued vigilance in monitoring our expenditures, I hope to be able to report substantial progress on the financial front to you next year. Of course, the large numbers coming to this convention are going to help our bottom line considerably. We’re delighted to be in such a wonderful place as Opryland here in Nashville. We want to thank our hosts. They’ve been thanked extensively already by our officers, but I want to reiterate our thanks for their hospitality. And I am pleased to see that we’re having our convention in such a lovely facility. I hope that you’re all enjoying it and that next year, when we go to Phoenix, we will have as good or better turnout at that meeting.

Other organizational challenges that we face are the need to increase membership and the need to improve our services to members. While we feel that the overall service quality for members at NCSS is high, there’s always room for improvement. We will be undertaking a revamping, for example, of some of our publications, in particular, Social Education, to make it more approachable, more accessible, and more reader friendly so that teachers, who are our main audience, will find it more useful in their work. We will also be looking at ways to make our annual meeting even better and more valuable to our members. At NCSS we will be evaluating the desirability and feasibility of expanding existing services and developing new services for our members. We feel that the nature and quality of our services relate directly to our ability to attract and retain members. Of course we will be doing all of this within the financial constraints that our budget dictates and doing as much as we can given that we do have limited resources at this time.

Going on from the organizational challenges, the next thing I’d like to address are the political challenges. These relate, of course, to our leadership of the social studies profession and are intrinsically related to membership strength. First and foremost is the challenge of speaking with a united voice. You know in the past couple of months I’ve attended many, many meetings where I have been representing NCSS to a variety of groups. It never ceases to amaze me the number of groups that we have relationships with. The number of organizations is truly impressive and it’s a real credit to our strength as an organization. But at these meetings it’s become clear to me that even though we have developed a definition of the social studies—after a long painful period of discussion to develop a definition that is acceptable to everyone—it seems to me that it has not yet progressed to a unified professional identity. We have a definition and yet we seem to be fragmented still as a profession. This happens at a time when I think it’s increasingly important for us to speak with one voice and to present a united front.

The thing that has really, if you will, necessitated this unity is in fact the national standards and assessment movement. I was involved with that movement while I was at the National School Boards Association, and I continue to be very involved with the work of our national task force, which is very ably directed by Don Schneider and which has really done a remarkable amount of work in a short period of time with very limited resources.

I see two questions for NCSS, one is a question of identity and the other is a question of relevance.

We find ourselves in a situation now where organizations and disciplines that are intrinsic to the social studies somehow are faring better than we are as the social studies profession overall. I think the major reason for that I think is the fact that some of these disciplines are mentioned specifically in the goals statements while social studies is not directly mentioned. As a result of the specific mention, these organizations and disciplines are receiving federal funding for the development of their standards.

Their standards, in a sense, are gaining greater legitimacy than our standards are gaining. Particularly in history, civics, and geography, these are disciplines that are intrinsic to the social studies, and yet we are not receiving for our standards the same recognition that these individual disciplines are. In one way it is a case of—I don’t want to use the term “ignorance” because that’s probably too strong—perhaps lack of understanding of the way that these disciplines are taught especially at the elementary level in an integrated way as part of a social studies program.

In the governors and congressional people that we are dealing with on the National Education Goals Panel, we are dealing with a group of people who are very interested in education but are not necessarily that sophisticated about it and do not have a very clear understanding of the way the schools work and the way subjects are taught. I think it’s very important for us to maintain a very unified identity as a profession and to really make an effort to have our standards recognized as being just as important and even essential to the effective implementation of standards in other areas such as civics, geography, and history. The great strength of our standards is the fact that they provide a structural framework for schools to integrate standards from these other disciplines, many of which are very complex, very specific, very long, and very dense. By integrating those standards into the general rubric of social studies, classroom teachers can make sense out of all of the standards with which they are dealing.

So I think identity, a strong professional identity, is very important for us.

The other issue that’s important for us is the issue of relevance. We need to make our case more strongly about the relevance of the social studies in today’s world of education. Civics, history, and geography are making very strong cases for their disciplines. I’m not trying to belittle those disciplines in any way. We all know those disciplines are intrinsic to the social studies and they are very important to the education of our children. I feel, however, that social studies is more than the sum of the disciplines that comprise it. It develops social and civic competence in our children in a way that none of these individual disciplines can. That is the point of relevance that we need to make with governors, with state legislatures, with the National Education Goals Panel, with the Congress, and with the Department of Education. We have to demonstrate more powerfully than we have in the past the importance of social studies and, believe me, I feel personally that given the problems that are confronting our children, especially our children in urban school systems where 70 percent of our children are concentrated in the public schools, the importance of social studies has never been greater because the social and civic skills that social studies develops in our children have never been more needed. So we need to make a much stronger case for the relevance of social studies.

I just wanted to point out something that, I think, really emphasizes the problem that we face with regard to our standards project and having our standards recognized as being as legitimate as others. This is the report that was presented to the National Education Goals Panel last week by the technical planning group that is charged with recommending criteria for certification of national standards and state standards and curriculum frameworks. They have several recommendations to the Goals Panel. One of their key recommendations, and a very disturbing one from the perspective of our standards, is that NESIC, National Education Standards and Improvement Council, it is the replacement for the NCEST, the National Council on Education Standards and Testing. I don’t think anyone liked that acronym so we now have NESIC which we can call the son of NCEST, which many people do. But this recommendation is very disturbing: “However, NESIC could review and give written feedback on standards to any nationally recognized group that has developed standards and requested their review. Only one set of content standards would be certified in each subject area.” I must say that the National Education Goals Panel accepted this report. They did not adopt it; they accepted it. Had they adopted it, it would have meant that they were adopting all of the recommendations contained herein. And this is not the only recommendation that is problematic for our group. What this says to me, though, is that our standards will not be recognized, will not be certified. It’s a very, very disturbing prospect.

Of course we at the national level and many of you at the state level are working to reverse this trend. Since Educate America Goals 2000, in which the establishment of NESIC is contained, did not pass the Senate this week and has been put over to February, after the recess, we have more time to work on this. But I think this really emphasizes the need for activism on our part, the need for us to maintain a united front with regard to the social studies, the need for us to emphasize more than ever the relevance of social studies to current public education.

So, as I said earlier, I see two types of challenges: organizational and political. Hopefully we will meet those challenges over the next couple of years.

I just want to close by thanking my staff, and if any of them are here I would like to see them stand and be recognized. Without my staff I don’t know where I would be, perhaps not even standing here. They have been extremely helpful to me since I’ve come on board. They’ve given me great guidance and great assistance.

First of all, I would like to thank Sara Wallace, my Associate Executive Director. Sara’s assistant is Rose-Kathryn Young Chaisson, her Administrative Assistant. Both Sara and Rose are at this meeting. I don’t know if they’re here in the room. Peter Stavros, of course, our Director of Meetings and Advertising, is responsible for this wonderful meeting. I hope that you will all go up and thank him for his efforts. I’m very impressed. This is my first NCSS meeting and it’s gone very smoothly from my perspective and I hope from yours as well. So please express your appreciation to Peter. Annette Campbell is Peter’s assistant. I’m sure you’ve seen her downstairs in the registration area. Someone likes Annette out there. We all do. Susan Griffin is our Director of Membership Marketing and Council Services. Susan will be coming up shortly to give out our Each One, Reach One campaign awards. Mildred (Peaches) McBee is Susan’s assistant. Cassandra (Sandy) Roberts is our Director of Membership Processing. She has been working in the bookstore for the last couple of days. You may have met her down there. Neil Beskin is our Director of Finance. Neil has been working very hard with our auditors and with me to ensure NCSS’s financial stability. So I want to thank and recognize Neil. Finally, Emma Davis, my Executive Assistant. Emma is the person who keeps me straight and has helped me in innumerable ways and on innumerable occasions since I’ve come to NCSS. I want to express my appreciation to Emma. I guess they’re all busy with other duties. We do have a very small staff here. So again let me thank the staff and ask you to express your appreciation to them as well.

Denny Schillings opened up the microphones for questions.


Martharose Laffey: Any questions?


Rick Theisen, MN: You mentioned the financial status of the organization. Is it possible you could simply elaborate a little about that in terms of memberships and finances to give us a little more of an idea as to where we are?


Martharose Laffey: Yes. I’d be glad to. We have just gotten a handle on what our actual membership is. We have been working with our auditors intensively over the last couple of months and we now are confident of a membership figure of 22,000 people. That figure includes both full members and subscribers to Social Education. If we wanted to make that number larger, we could also include some other categories of subscriptions, but we feel that that is a realistic membership number.

In terms of our financial situation, we have been working with an operating deficit of approximately $200,000. We have a line item in this year’s budget of $50,000 to eliminate that deficit over time. We are looking at eliminating it over a three to five year period. This convention has been a good one for us. We budgeted the same amount of registrations for this convention as we budgeted for Detroit—approximately 2,200 registrations. We have had over 2,800 registrations at this meeting (not including exhibitors). So we are doing much better at this meeting than we did in Detroit and we will come in over budget on this meeting, over budget in a good sense.

So I think we do have financial difficulties. We are going to have to eliminate those over time. We have to eliminate our deficit over time. The Board has made a very firm commitment to this and I personally can tell you I have spent hours upon hours on it. Neil has spent hours upon hours with our auditors. Sara Wallace has also worked with our auditors and we feel that we now, having completed the audit for 1993, have a very good sense of where we are and how we will be able to move forward to improve our financial situation. Other questions?


Warren Solomon, MO: I’m Warren Solomon from the Missouri delegation. I have a question in terms of the report that you just cited to us.

Several of us are participating in the other standards projects as either representatives of NCSS or CS4. It would be a problem to us if indeed that recommendation in that report would be carried out. I would recommend that maybe NCSS seriously consider carefully weighing, because I know there would be pros and cons, whether it should continue to be supportive of the other standards projects if indeed it turns out that the NCSS standards are not even eligible for consideration by the federal government.


Martharose Laffey: You know that’s a very interesting perspective and I think it’s certainly one we should consider. My concern about no longer cooperating in the other standards is I wonder what it would accomplish. You know, I mean, the other standards will be certified. These disciplines are named specifically in the goals and I think that we are all supportive of the disciplines that make up the social studies. So I would be concerned that, if we were to withdraw our support from those standards, it would not accomplish anything for our case. Because simply because we withdraw our support would not guarantee that our standards would then be legitimized or given certification. And by withdrawing our support I think that we would send a very negative message that we do not want to send to those disciplines that comprise the social studies and really are intrinsic to the social studies. If the Board would like to comment on that, I’d be glad to hear some comments from the Board as well.


Warren Solomon, MO: I don’t disagree with that. I was just simply saying to think about it, to consider it, recognizing that there would be very strong pros and cons on both sides.


Martharose Laffey: Yes. I think it definitely is worth consideration.


Jean Lantz, TX: Martharose, I’m Jean Lantz from Texas and I just want to tell you that I’ve never met you before, I’ve seen you around a little bit, but I’ve never met you. To everybody that I’ve seen that knows you, I said “How is she really?” And they said “She’s great. She’s sharp and she’s right on top of it.” I want to welcome you to the NCSS House of Delegates.


Martharose Laffey: Thank you very much. Thank you. I really appreciate that. Everyone has been so kind to me. I’m really quite moved by it. Other questions?

Acceptance of Reports

President Denny Schillings asked for and received approval for all reports directed to the House: report from the Nominations Committee, a financial report, the President’s report, a formal Executive Director’s report, and the action report on last year’s resolutions by the House.

Recognition of Gold and Silver Star Councils

Martharose Laffey: We have four Gold Star Councils. The first is the Illinois Council for the Social Studies, Denny’s home council. This council made a concerted effort to recruit NCSS members who were not ICSS members and recruit members for both councils through brokering. This resulted in a 30 percent increase in joint members and a 23 percent increase in Illinois Council membership. Very impressive. Congratulations. Massachusetts is our next Gold Star Council. Massachusetts was a Silver Star Council last year and worked very hard to increase their joint membership over the last couple of years. They are also recruiting student teachers and social science students at colleges and universities. Congratulations, Massachusetts.

Wisconsin has also moved up from Silver Star status. Their most successful outreach included two-for-one registration for elementary teachers, two-for-one registration for one new and one current member, and a sharing network for different grade levels. Congratulations, Wisconsin.

Tennessee, our terrific host state, increased joint members by 23 percent. The Tennessee Council also targeted rural members this past year by moving their conference to a rural setting. Congratulations, Tennessee. Thank you again for your wonderful hospitality.

We have a number of Silver Star winners, some of which are repeat performances. The repeat performance Silver Star winners are Arizona, California, Los Coyotes, California, Long Island, New York, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio, and Washington. Other first time Silver Star winners are Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, New York, and Oklahoma. Let’s congratulate them all.

You need to pick up your certificates at the back please.

Presentation from Membership Committee for Each One Reach One

Gayle Thieman: Tonight fourteen people are going to be recognized because they accepted the challenge offered by the 1992 House of Delegates and reached out to invite a colleague to join NCSS. We’re at a critical junction as an organization because for the second year in a row we are experiencing a decline in membership of 10 percent. At the same time we have rising expectations for the organization. National standards and assessments are being developed for social studies and we need to have a powerful inclusive voice that represents educators at all levels through the network that NCSS provides. Let’s take stock for a moment. How many of you have been educators for less than five years? Raise your hands please. Six to ten years, raise your hands please. Eleven to twenty years? Over twenty years? How many of you may retire in the next two years? If NCSS is going to continue to lead the social studies profession, we will need to attract the newest members—student teachers and beginning teachers as well as those from underrepresented groups.

Take a moment and think about the person who first invited you to join your local or state social studies organization or NCSS and think about how much you have grown professionally because you belong. Shouldn’t every social studies teacher have the same opportunity? The Membership Committee developed the Each One Reach One campaign because we believe the most effective way to increase and diversify our membership is through individual sponsorship. People join an organization because they feel wanted and because they believe membership will benefit them.

You are the best people to explain these benefits.

The Each One Reach One campaign officially began in August. An article in TSSP urged all NCSS members to recruit someone and to include the name as a sponsor on the membership application. Applications were sent upon request by Susan Griffin, the Director of Council Services and Membership Marketing. Based on the applications we have received, we will be recognizing fourteen people who reached out and sponsored new members. If your name is not included on the list, please let us know the name of the person you sponsored and we will send you a certificate.

Now would the following people please come forward to receive your certificate of recognition from the current chair of the Membership Committee, Karen Todorov, and the past chair, Andrea Coulter. Would you hold your applause until everyone has been recognized. Christine Allen, Peggy Altoff, Carole Bigelow, Steve Coria, Mike Fuller, Rita Geiger, Dr. Carol Hahn, Dr. L. Oshima, William Simmons, Michael Solliday, Bob Stahl, Karen Todorov, and Robin Weir.

We recognize that in increasing membership there are obstacles and lots of excuses. Some people get sidetracked and never make it. Others, like these fourteen whom we admire, get the job done anyway and they have determination.

In closing, we’d like you to find the membership application form with the Each One Reach One logo. There’s a form for each delegate. We’d like you to write your name on the sponsorship line right now. Jot down the name of three colleagues whom you plan to recruit before Christmas. We will be continuing the Each One Reach One campaign all this year and at next year’s House of Delegates we would like to recognize everyone of you. Thank you.

Candidates Forum

Bert Cieslak, Chair of the Nominations Committee, Virginia, introduced the two nominees for vice president: Robert Dilzer, Connecticut, and Pat Nickell, Kentucky. The candidates described their vision for NCSS and the profession. Candidates for the secondary position were introduced and gave statements: Janet Adams, Idaho; Lois Clayborn, Tennessee; Adrian Davis, Michigan; and John Solberg, South Dakota. College and university candidates were introduced and presented statements: Carlos Diaz, Florida,&nbspand and Jeff Passe, North Carolina. Candidates in the Other Professional category were introduced and made statements: James Elliott, Florida, and James Marran, Illinois. Neither elementary candidate Sara Smith Beatty, Massachusetts, nor Melvin Garrison, Pennsylvania, was present, but these candidates were noted and delegates were directed to their packets for candidates’ statements.

Consideration of House of Delegates Participation in Restructuring

Peggy Altoff explained the ramifications of the upcoming motion on House of Delegates Participation in the Restructuring Plan. She pointed out that the motion did not evaluate the merits of the plan, but whether or not the delegates will avail themselves of the opportunity to select committee members.

Motion submitted by Ann Lockledge, North Carolina: I move that given any reorganization plan approved by the NCSS Board of Directors, the HOD will participate in the selection of committee members to NCSS operations committees. The motion was passed without discussion.

Nomination for HOD Committees

Steering Committee nominees were: Eric Ladue, Arizona; Mary Teague Mason, Georgia; Terry L. Kuseske, Michigan; Binta F. Julloh, New York; Earl Powell, Oklahoma; Stephen Johnson, Texas; and Rosalie Romano, Washington.

Resolutions Committee nominees were: Linda Baker Trevarrow, Minnesota; Len Piekarski, Missouri; and Ann Lockledge, North Carolina.

Nominations Committee nominee was Barbara Ameiss, Missouri.

Credentials Committee

Lois Clayborn, Tennessee, Chair of the Credentials Committee, introduced the Credentials Committee: Lynette Erickson, Arizona; Tina Brockman, Maryland; Robert Lombard, Illinois; Patricia Griggs; and Evelyn Hill, Tennessee.

Presentation and Action on Resolutions

Sophia Atkins, Tennessee, Chair of the Resolutions Committee, introduced members of the committee: Fred Clark, Indiana; Deena Fleck, Oklahoma; Eric Luce, Mississippi; and David Paul Robinson, Arizona.

93-01 RESOLUTION REGARDING PRE K-12 LEADERSHIP POSITIONS submitted by Minnesota Council for the Social Studies


WHEREAS, Pre K-12 classroom teachers are under-represented on NCSS committees, task forces and commissions; and,

WHEREAS, Pre K-12 classroom teachers are very seriously under-represented in leadership positions on these committees, task forces and commissions; and,

WHEREAS, the NCSS leadership has responsibility to correct this inequity just as it has done for other under-represented groups;

BE IT RESOLVED that the NCSS develop and implement guidelines for the selection of committee, task force and commission members and chairs which will reflect the Pre K-12 membership of the organization.


PASSED with no discussion.

93-02 RESOLUTION REGARDING COMMITTEE REORGANIZATION, submitted by the Middle Level Committee


WHEREAS, the committee reorganization proposed by the Board of Directors does not provide a specific avenue for advice to the Board of Directors from early-childhood/elementary members, middle level members, and secondary members; and,

WHEREAS, the needs of these three groups transcend their participation as individual members on committees such as curriculum or technology; and,

WHEREAS, these three groups can make recommendations that will assist the decision-making processes of the Board of Directors;

BE IT RESOLVED that the Board of Directors consider adding operational committees for early childhood/elementary members, for middle level members, and for secondary members to the committee reorganization.


Discussion for and against was entertained. A friendly amendment was added to change “secondary” to “high school” and that was accepted.



93-03 RESOLUTION REGARDING THE EQUITY AND SOCIAL JUSTICE COMMITTEE submitted by the Equity and Social Justice Committee


WHEREAS, equity and social justice are fundamental to Social Studies; and

WHEREAS, issues of equity and social justice are of such central importance that they should not be submerged within a more broadly focused committee;

BE IT RESOLVED that NCSS maintain a central focus on issues of equity and social justice.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that NCSS organizational restructuring retain the existing equity and social justice committee.


Discussion was presented on both sides.




WHEREAS, the Carter G. Woodson Book Award is presented annually by the National Council for the Social Studies in honor of the distinguished African American historian and educator; and,

WHEREAS, the Award was designed to encourage the writing, publishing, and dissemination of outstanding social studies books for young readers; and,

WHEREAS, the number of books focusing on the unique experiences of minorities in the United State intended for children has continued to increase since 1974;

BE IT RESOLVED that the Carter G. Woodson Book Award Selection Committee be retained as a separate operations committee.


A member of the committee spoke for the resolution.



93-05 RESOLUTION REGARDING CAMPAIGNING FOR ELECTION TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS, submitted by Bert Cieslak, 1993 Nominations Committee Chair


WHEREAS, the members of the Board of Directors currently are elected by less than 20% of the membership of the National Council for the Social Studies; and,

WHEREAS, social studies educators are committed to involving their students in the civic process yet do not vote in large numbers for Board of Directors candidates; and,

WHEREAS, the Nominations Committee does not always have large numbers of candidates to choose from as they select a slate for annual elections to the Board; and,

WHEREAS, there is an excitement generated by campaigning that involved individuals, creates an awareness of candidates and issues, and is just plain fun,

BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates reassess its ban on campaigning and develop guidelines for limited campaigning at the annual meeting.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the House of Delegates investigate the possibility of voting for candidates at the annual meeting in addition to conducting a mail ballot.


Friendly amendment was made to delete the second, “BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED,” and that was accepted.


PASSED as amended.

93-06 REVOLVING DOOR RESOLUTION, submitted by Murry Nelson


WHEREAS, the committees of the House of Delegates should always avoid even the appearance of a conflict of interest; and,

WHEREAS, serving on the Nominations or serving as chair of the Resolutions or Steering Committees may provide an advantage of visibility; and,

WHEREAS, the absence of campaigning prevents some candidates from achieving equal visibility;

BE IT RESOLVED that members of the Nominations Committee and chairpersons of the Resolutions and Steering Committee not be nominated for the NCSS Board of Directors for one year following their service in those positions.


Discussion was presented on both sides of the issue.



93-07 RESOLUTION REGARDING ETHICS EDUCATION, submitted by the Minnesota Council for the Social Studies


WHEREAS, ethics education is becoming more common in the secondary schools; and,

WHEREAS, social studies educators should be playing a leading role in the development of curriculum in this field; and,

WHEREAS, ethical decision making is essential in healthy democracy;

BE IT RESOLVED that NCSS develop guidelines for the teaching of ethics within the social studies curriculum.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that an upcoming issue of Social Education focus on ethics education.


Support for the resolution was offered.



93-08 RESOLUTION: REGARDING THE WASHINGTON NFL FOOTBALL CLUB’S PUBLIC IDENTITY, submitted by Connecticut Council for the Social Studies


WHEREAS, there are many instances in which our society suffers from continued unfair discrimination and racism, and,

WHEREAS, prominent sports teams represent important national images for young people, and,

WHEREAS, the professional football team in our nation’s capital with the blatantly racist name of “Redskins” is an example of ignorant and offensive stereotyping, and,

WHEREAS, the National Council for the Social Studies has a significant responsibility in educating the nation’s young people, and,

WHEREAS, NCSS has long recognized its responsibility for combating racism and seeking equal rights for all,

BE IT RESOLVED that the National Council for the Social Studies condemn the continued use of this name and encourage its members to boycott games, products, and anything else associated with this organization until such time as this name and accompanying logos are changed.

This resolution shall be implemented through announcements in NCSS publications, press releases and in any other appropriate manner.


Lively debate followed both for and against the resolution. A friendly amendment offered the following change:


BE IT RESOLVED that the National Council for the Social Studies condemn the continued use of such names and encourage its members to boycott games, products, and anything else associated with this and other similar organizations until such time as these offensive names and accompanying logos are changed.


This was accepted. Another amendment to wording was not accepted.



93-09 RESOLUTION COMMENDING THE STEERING COMMITTEE, submitted by the House of Delegates Resolutions Committee


WHEREAS, the Steering Committee has done an excellent job of preparing the business of the House of Delegates meeting and whereas the House of Delegates Steering Committee has provided guidance for NCSS;

BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates express its appreciation for a job well done to all of the committee members.





WHEREAS, the local arrangements and the program for the 73rd Annual Meeting have been well organized and highly successful,

WHEREAS, the Local Arrangements Committee and the Program Planning Committee have done a superb job that has required long hours;

BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates express its appreciation for jobs well done.





WHEREAS, the Nominations, Resolutions and Credentials Committees have significantly contributed to the productive and proper operations of the House of Delegates; and,

WHEREAS, each committee has assumed the duties and responsibilities of committee members;

BE IT RESOLVED that the National Council for the Social Studies House of Delegates extend its appreciation to the outstanding service rendered by these committees.



93-12 RESOLUTION COMMENDING DENNY SCHILLINGS, submitted by the House of Delegates Resolutions Committee


WHEREAS, Denny Schillings has provided the National Council for the Social Studies with outstanding leadership as President; and whereas Denny Schillings has served the social studies profession and the National Council for the Social Studies with scholarship and sincere commitment to his office as President; and whereas Denny Schillings exemplifies social studies professionalism at its highest level;

BE IT RESOLVED that Denny Schillings receive the sincere appreciation of the House of Delegates for his devoted dedication to the National Council for the Social Studies and to the profession itself.





WHEREAS, Martharose Laffey and the NCSS staff are an important part of the National Council for the Social Studies; and,

WHEREAS, NCSS has achieved many of its goals during this past year through the efforts of these people;

BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates of the National Council for the Social Studies extends its appreciation and thanks to Martharose Laffey and the entire staff of NCSS for their service to social studies education.



Announcement of Election Results

Nominations Committee: Barbara Ameiss was elected. Resolutions Committee: Len Piekarski and Linda Baker Trevarrow were elected. Steering Committee: Rosalie Romano and Mary Teague Mason were elected to the Steering Committee.

37th Delegate Assembly adjourned.

-- TimDaly - 02 Sep 2005
  • Create a New Topic (enter WikiWord title)

This site is powered by FoswikiCopyright © by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding NCSS Leaders-Board? Send feedback