National Council for the Social Studies 40th Session of the House of Delegates

November 23-24, 1996
Washington, D.C.
The 76th NCSS Annual Conference


Presentation of the Gavel

Fred Isele, Chair of the House of Delegates Steering Committee, presents Pat Nickell, NCSS President, with the HOD Gavel.

Fred Isele: Please be in order. Carol Marquis has indicated that the official agenda is in your program. You might have a green copy from last year which is quite similar. Let’s get started in officially opening the 40th Session of the National Council for the Social Studies House of Delegates here in Washington, DC, our nation’s capital. And before I actually get started with a few presentations here, I’d like to take this moment to say it’s a very high honor for me to introduce this august group to all of you, who are representing the 19,000 or so members of National Council for the Social Studies. Pat, I’d like to give you this gavel. In many ways you’ve honored all of us with your outstanding contributions to NCSS, to social studies education, and to the collective teaching and learning experiences of all of our American students. And, I should add, you’ve been an outstanding delegate from the Kentucky Council for the Social Studies. I hand you, from the Steering Committee, the official first House of Delegates gavel. Pat Nickell.

Pat Nickell, President: I am Pat Nickell, former delegate from the great commonwealth of Kentucky and the Kentucky Council for the Social Studies. I want to welcome you to this, the first of two sessions of the House of Delegates that will occur at the 1996 annual conference of National Council for the Social Studies. I would like to introduce the platform, but I see that two of the people I’m supposed to introduce aren’t here, so I will introduce the ones who are here. On my left, your right, is our parliamentarian for this meeting, Peola McCaskill. Thank you, Peola, for being with us. She’s going to keep me straight. And to my right, the Chair of the House of Delegates Steering Committee, Fred Isele, who has done an outstanding job of putting this House in order. Martharose Laffey, the Executive Director of the Council, will join us on the platform here in a few minutes. She’s back there carrying on business as always. Is Charlotte Anderson in the room? She is a former NCSS President and a current member of the FASSE [Fund for the Advancement of Social Studies Education] Board. Before we start our proceedings today, I would like to call Charlotte to the podium to make a very important announcement regarding FASSE.

Recognition of the FASSE Grant Winners

Charlotte Anderson: Thank you, Pat. When the NCSS Curriculum Standards were developed, the Board of the Council’s Fund for the Advancement of Social Studies Education recognized a unique opportunity to further advance social studies by supporting the implementation of these Standards. In addition to focusing the annual general grants awards of $1,000 on the Standards, the Board authorized a $20,000 grant and issued a call for proposals for a three-year project to implement the Standards through a partnership between a multicultural school and one or more social studies specialists. Jim Leming, and then Jesus Garcia, worked with the FASSE Board to develop the call for proposals and to oversee the selection process. Several of you in this audience responded to this call, and we thank you and all of the other applicants for your initiative and your interest and concern for the social studies.

On behalf of the FASSE Board, I am privileged to announce to this House of Delegates that the $20,000 award to implement the Standards and generate a model for others to follow goes to Dr. Patricia Avery, University of Minnesota (Pat would you come forward), and her partners, Susan Breedlove and Linda Trevorrow of the Minneapolis Public Schools, for their project entitled “Linking Assessment Pedagogy and Standards for Powerful Social Studies Teaching and Learning.” We wanted you to see them so that you may start conversations with them about their project. It’s their project, but it’s our project too, and we look forward to your sharing it with us. Pat is going to tell you briefly about it.

Patricia Avery: I thank you very much for this opportunity. I’d like to introduce Susan Breedlove, who is the Multicultural Coordinator at Patrick Henry High School in the Minneapolis School District, and Linda Trevorrow, who is the Coordinator of the Professional Development School at Patrick Henry High School. Back in the beginning of March, I had a message on my answering machine at work from Susan, saying that she had read about the FASSE grant and would I be interested in working with Patrick Henry on developing a grant proposal. And I thought to myself, I know what the competition’s going to be like here. This is going to be very stiff and there are going to be a lot of people who would like this grant. But Linda and Susan are a lot of fun to work with, and I don’t have a lot to do pressing in the next week or so, so why not? When one of my colleagues invited me to go to a movie that weekend, I said, “Sorry, I can’t make it, I’m working on this grant that I’m not going to get, but it’ll be helpful anyway.” So now my colleague, when I’m going out the door to Henry High School, says to me, “Ah, so you’re going to work on that grant that you didn’t get, right?” And I say “Yes, I’m going to work on that grant.” At any rate, I share that story with you not to share my ignorance but to let you know that this really is a project being driven by the schools and supported very much by the university. So it is indeed a collaborative project, and one whose idea was sparked by both Susan and Linda.

The grant itself is providing us an opportunity to bring together some ideas that we very much believe in. We are drawing heavily on the work of James Banks in multicultural education and the work of Fred Newmann in terms of authentic instruction and assessment. And we are trying to weave those things together into the development of authentic assessment tasks for each of the ten NCSS themes at each of the three levels of instruction—a rather major task, I should say. But we have ten really outstanding teachers in Minneapolis who are working with us, and we met for a couple of weeks over the summertime to begin to develop those tasks, and the teachers have started to implement them.

I invite you to call us and find out how we’re doing. As Charlotte said, this is our project, and I know a lot of you have expertise in this area, and we’d appreciate your sharing any of your ideas or suggestions with us. I’ll probably have more to tell you about our grant six months from now than I do today. But we thank you very much. It’s quite an honor and we will do our very best to be worthy of this honor.

Approval of Minutes & Adoption of Agenda

President Pat Nickell received a motion to accept the minutes from the 39th House of Delegates. The minutes were approved as presented. The agenda presented by Pat Nickell was moved, seconded, and adopted.

Credentials Committee Report

Chris Stewart, Chair of the Credentials Committee: Good afternoon. I am pleased to announce that Elise White, Gloria Balkisson, Margaret Jones, and Sylvia Isaac of the District of Columbia Council for the Social Studies, and Daniel Langen from the Ohio Council, who served as members of the Credentials Committee, have certified today that there are 218 seated members for the House of Delegates who are prepared and ready to conduct the business of the National Council for the Social Studies. Thank you.

Pat Nickell: Thank you, Chris. I just want to remind each delegate that there are two purposes for the House of Delegates: (1) to provide a means whereby the members of NCSS may participate in the development of the policies of the organization; and (2) to serve as a forum for issues relating to the profession and the organization of the Council. It’s very important that all of us realize what our role is whenever we’re participating in something like this, and I thought that would help explain to those of you who are perhaps new delegates for the first time what your role is. And now I would like to turn it back over to Fred.

Review of the Nomination Process

Fred Isele reviewed the Nomination Process for HOD Committees and NCSS Operations Committees

Fred Isele: All right, let’s move to agenda item number V. This is Call for Review of the Nominations Process: (1) Call for the written nominations to the House of Delegates. Please use green form number VI provided in your packet. We will collect these forms in step VII.

While you’re looking for that, I’d like to say that over the last three years there’s been a restructuring of NCSS committees, and some confusion has ensued. During this 40th meeting of the House of Delegates, you will select members for two different types of committees.

A. One election, a predetermined slate selected by the Assignment Committee, will be for the representatives selected from the House of Delegates to the NCSS Operations Committees. Representatives to these committees are selected by the President-Elect of NCSS; Associated Groups such as CUFA [College and University Faculty Assembly], CS4 [Council of State Social Studies Specialists], and NSSSA [National Social Studies Supervisors Association]; and the House of Delegates. HOD nominations for theses committees must be sent to the Assignment Committee prior to the conference. The Assignment Committee then selects the names of people to serve on these NCSS committees.

B. The other election is for the committees which run the House of Delegates. These committees are: Steering Committee, Resolutions Committee, Nominations and Elections Committee, and Assignment Committee. This body will be electing members to each committee in accordance with Article VI, Sections 1-5. We will be electing two members to the Steering Committee for 3-year terms, three members to the Resolutions Committee for 2-year terms, three members to the Assignment Committee for 3-year terms, and three members to the Nominations and Elections Committee for the following terms: two for 3-year terms, with the third highest vote getter receiving a 2-year term.

I remind you of the following procedures from Article X of the House of Delegates Manual:

1. No affiliated delegation may have more than one representative on any one committee.

2. No one from any affiliated delegation shall succeed a person from that affiliated delegation.

3. No affiliated delegation may have more than two representatives on any of the House of Delegates elected committees.

Written nominations will be collected under VII of the Agenda. Now let’s continue on with item number VI. Item number VI is the State of the Council Addresses.

The State of the Council Addresses

The President’s Message

Report of the NCSS Executive Director

Pat Nickell, President: Before I begin my State of the Council remarks, I would just like to mention to you something that our parliamentarian raised with me as I walked up here this afternoon, and I think it’s something that we may want to consider. She suggested that it’s not usually the case in bodies such as this that one year’s minutes are approved by the next year’s body, for the simple reason that oftentimes delegates change, and people who were not there can’t comment on last year’s minutes. But also, it just lengthens the proceedings somewhat. So we might want to think about that. The Steering Committee may want to make a recommendation to have a committee, perhaps the Steering Committee itself, look at the minutes sometime after they’re collected to make sure that they are accurate. And then they would be presented to the next year’s House as an information item with approval from that committee. That’s just a thought for your consideration.

You have in your packet a message from me that discusses some of the initiatives that have been undertaken this year. Don’t pull it. You can read it later if you haven’t read it already. And I won’t bore you by repeating everything that’s there. However, one of them, I think, would be of particular interest to you as members of the House of Delegates, and I would like to spend just a few minutes talking about it. If you look near the bottom of the first page of the report, you see a section called Governance. In it, I explain that I am trying to reconfigure, to some extent, the way the Board does its business. What I am proposing, and this is still in the planning stages, is that the Board operate this way. First, it examines very closely what the House and all members tell us about needs, and at the same time it examines very closely our available resources and fixed costs. Then the Board goes about the business of taking the dollars available, and drawing up a strategic plan and an accompanying budget that is responsive to the needs and priorities that you have told us about. Thus we begin a new process of budgeting a plan rather than planning a budget. What this hopefully would do is cause the Board to be more aware of the needs and priorities of the membership, because those priorities should drive what we do with available funds.

You have in your packet a salmon-colored survey form. It’s purple, it changed color on me. Anyway, that’s the survey form. I urge you to take time either during the conference, or within a couple of weeks after the conference, to complete that survey. You’re welcome to copy it and give it to other members. We’ll have it available to as many people as possible in the membership. On that survey form you notice that it’s not something we’re going to scan. Fred Isele has offered to actually take everything that comes in and use his system to gather all that information for us and have it prepared for the Board of Directors to look at. So I think that’s very commendable.

Fred Isele: Just so you know, it’s Fred Kerlinger’s Holsti Content Analysis, which I used on my dissertation. It’s qualitative data. And, by the way, if I notice a purple or purple haze sheet coming in through the mail, I’m signaling that as coming from the House of Delegates. Okay, thank you.

Pat Nickell: This is the very best way we know to get members’ thoughts on how we can best serve you and your needs. And I applaud Fred for his sincere efforts in developing this important planning tool for the organization.

Let me also caution, however, that for another two or maybe three years—hopefully no more than three years—we’re going to have to seek very creative ways of doing anything extra that calls for significant additional funds. If you have a great idea that’s going to call for more money or additional staff or some sort of capital investment, remember to also let us know what you think we need to stop doing so that we will have the funds for your ideas. Or, better yet, suggest ideas for how we can create new funding sources to support these new initiatives. Bottom line: don’t be disappointed if everything on the gift list doesn’t get immediate attention. Either we haven’t rubbed the lamp right or the genie is just being stubborn.

You may be interested to know that part of this proposal involves one more meeting of the full Board per year, and one less meeting of the Executive Committee, indicating that the full Board will take a more active role in the strategic planning process. If you have questions or suggestions to further improve the process, I would love to have them. You may give them to me in writing, or send them to me, or call me. My e-mail address is always at the bottom of my TSSP messages.

There’s one more thing in my report that I just want to highlight. Next year we meet in Cincinnati, as you know, and I want to extend to each of you a challenge. I would like to see the same number of people in Cincinnati that are at this meeting. Cincinnati is a great, safe, fun and vibrant city with a beautiful downtown where the setting for our conference teems with people late into the evening. I can tell you about a great Irish bar there, if you’d be interested. I can tell you where Saks is, and the museum shop, and Mount Adams—it’s a mini-San Francisco in Cincinnati. I live only 90 miles from Cincinnati, and I spend a lot of time there, and it’s one of my favorite places in the United States. I can say that honestly. Rich and his committee are putting together an absolutely fascinating conference program that I think you’re going to really enjoy. It’s focusing on other cultures and cultural transformation here in the United States as we have changed and grown over the years. I’m even excited about the one little item that I’m working on, which is an evening of entertainment including a real live, honest-to-God, top-notch bluegrass band. So bring your jeans.

I’m very excited about the renewed spirit that I feel flowing in our organization right now. Currently our membership is growing at a rate of 9%. Our membership marketing contractor, Marketing General, informed us in our Board meeting yesterday of this growth rate. They also informed us of something that I think is even more exciting, and that is that we are one of very few, if perhaps not the only, educational organizations in the country that are growing.

Evidently, we have become what Michael Hartoonian would call “irresistible.” But beyond sheer numbers, I feel an excitement among those that I’ve talked to at state meetings, and people I’ve talked to right here at the national meeting. And it’s really hard to explain, but I know that it’s there. I feel it. I believe we’ve rallied around our Definition, Mission, and Standards, and that we now have the eyes and ears of policy makers and leaders in education across the nation as never before. I’ve talked a lot this year about all of us pulling together. I’ve talked about it in TSSP [The Social Studies Professional], and I’ve talked about it at state council meetings, and I’ve talked about it here. My implication has been that nothing will do an organization more good than for all of us to get in the same boat and grab an oar. That doesn’t mean we all have to think the same way. It doesn’t mean we have to say the same things. We don’t even have to like the same style of life jacket. But our strength and our growth will always be a measure of our unity of purpose and our willingness to recognize and value one another as equals and as professionals.

In preparation for the work that you’re about to do, I applaud you. I encourage you to participate fully in all aspects of the House and all activities here, and I hope that you will join me in a commitment to carefully deliberate every decision of this House, every action, in a way that reflects our collective knowledge and beliefs about what is best for children and the teachers we serve. I believe Martharose will give our Council Status Report.

Martharose Laffey, Executive Director: Thank you, Pat. Good afternoon everyone. I want to welcome you on behalf of our staff to our conference and the House of Delegates session. I’m going to keep my remarks short by highlighting some of the information I’ve included in my annual report, which is in your packet. I’m very pleased to tell you that NCSS is continuing in the positive and upward direction that we have been experiencing for the past three or four years, both financially and in terms of membership. This past year our revenues once again exceeded our expenditures, thanks to a very successful conference in Chicago and an increase in membership. We further reduced our structural deficit by more than $33,000, so that it now stands at $342,000. We intend to continue to maintain fiscal discipline until our deficit is completely eliminated. From October 1995 to October 1996, our membership increased—as Pat mentioned—9%. And, for the first time in our history, the number of our Comprehensive members exceeds that of our Regular members. These membership gains are due in large part to an aggressive marketing campaign by Marketing General, the outside consulting firm that we will continue to retain this year. I also want to thank our state councils for continuing to encourage social studies educators in their states to join the National Council. You are an important source of membership for us.

More good news: this conference may well be the largest one in NCSS history. Going into the meeting, pre-registration figures were higher than those for Chicago. Depending on our on-site registration figures, we may surpass Chicago, which was our largest conference previously. We have at this conference more than 700 first-time attendees. The success of this conference is due to many people, and I want to thank in particular our President, Pat Nickell, and her Program Co-Chair, Peggy Altoff; Local Arrangements Chair, Bert Cieslak; and all the members of the Program Planning and Local Arrangements Committees. These individuals devoted incredible amounts of time and energy to making this meeting a premiere professional development opportunity for all the social studies educators who are attending.

This has been a good year not only for NCSS but for education generally. Education appropriations for fiscal year 1997 were increased by $3.5 billion. Of particular interest to us were increases in the Goals 2000 program and Eisenhower Professional Development program. As of July 1, 1997, there will be $310,000,000 in Eisenhower monies, $250,000,000 of which is available to math and science teachers, and the remaining $60,000,000 of which is available to teachers in other areas including social studies. As I’m sure you know, however, there’s a lot of politics at the state and local level influencing the distribution of those Eisenhower funds. So I urge you to be aggressive about ensuring that social studies educators receive their fair share.

Overall, I think that social studies is growing in significance within education. Many states for the first time are developing social studies standards and curriculum frameworks based on the NCSS National Standards and the national standards for subject areas within the social studies. Standards are revitalizing social studies education, although it frequently is a painful and less than satisfactory process, as states like Virginia and New Jersey can attest. Also, it seems that assessment of social studies is increasing. Again, this can be a stressful process, but we all know that what gets assessed gets taught. So this trend ultimately may mean a stronger place for social studies in the curriculum. For many of our state councils, the challenge of these changes hopefully is resulting in increased membership and increased attendance at your own annual conferences. I certainly think it has played a role in the increases at NCSS conferences, and also the increases in our membership. Let’s hope that we continue to see more attention paid to social studies and a sustained interest in professional development on the part of social studies educators.

I want to talk a little bit about the role of the House of Delegates. I think that the House can play a very important role in strengthening social studies education by assisting NCSS in developing policy statements concerning the vital issues that affect our profession—issues such as curriculum, funding, professional development, teacher preparation, certification, and licensure and teaching practices. Fred and Susan have shown me the survey that you’re going to be responding to, and I would like to propose that once those survey results are available, the House Steering and Resolutions Committees work with the NCSS Board and staff to develop a series of policy resolutions for consideration and action by the House, and subsequent consideration and action by the NCSS Board of Directors. The result will provide NCSS with a document stating our views on the crucial elements of our profession, and would be similar to the resolutions documents of many other organizations.

For example, I have worked for the National School Boards Association and the National Association of Counties, and many of the other education associations have statements of policies and resolutions that put forward the views of their profession regarding basic issues. We should have the same thing. We don’t have anything comparable like that at NCSS as this point in time. And I think that would be a very important role for the House and, quite frankly, I don’t see how we could develop it through any other way but the House bringing it forward to us. I hope that the House would be interested in taking on this role, and could take appropriate action to set this in motion so that the development could begin expeditiously and we’d have a document in time for consideration in Cincinnati next year.

Let me state at this point—in fact, reiterate something Pat said earlier—how important it is for us as social studies educators to remain united and strong. There are only too many forces abroad in this country that would seek to splinter and disunite us. The breadth of, and diversity within, our own field and the membership of this organization, while endowing us with a wonderful richness, also can impede us from focusing on the big picture at times. We need to ask ourselves what is important. Within this organization of NCSS and its Associated Groups and Affiliated Councils, what is important for the social studies profession, the educators who are in that profession, and the students they teach? Or, perhaps more accurately, what is more important than something else that may also be of importance?

As social studies educators, we should be past masters of critical thinking, weighing options, and making good decisions. Yet, at times, we seem to make decisions and take actions that tend to divide rather than unite us, and that can only weaken our professional strength by confirming negative assessments of those outside our field who stand all too ready to take advantage of that weakness. So we must continuously ask ourselves what is most important, and whether the actions we take are ultimately benefiting social studies education or may be serving a valid but less important objective. I intend to think about this over the next year, and I hope that all of you and the other leaders within NCSS will think about it too.

I’d now like to acknowledge and thank my staff for all of their hard work over this past year. I first want to thank Jaime Hitchcock, the new NCSS Director of Meetings and former Director of Meetings for the American Educational Research Association (AERA). I think you’ll agree that Jaime has done a superb job with her first NCSS conference and we look forward to Jaime growing our conference just as she did AERA’s, which is now at 12,000 attendees. Jaime was ably assisted in her work by Peter Stavros, NCSS former Director of Meetings, who stayed with us on a consulting basis to manage the exhibits and provide support to Jaime. She was also assisted by Kim Soehnlein, the new NCSS Meetings, Advertising and Exhibits Assistant, who also came to us from AERA. In fact, it’s a wonder that Bill Russell, the Executive Director of AERA, still speaks to me after we hired away these two competent and dedicated people.

In addition to Jaime and Kim we have a third new staff person at NCSS, Jennifer Rothwell, Associate Editor in our Publications Department, who works on both Social Studies and the Young Learner and Social Education. Our publications have improved substantially under the leadership of Michael Simpson, Director of Publications, and the other talented staff in the Pubs Department: Terri Ackerman, Editor of The Social Studies Professional; Paul Wolski, Graphic Designer and Illustrator who works on Social Studies and the Young Learner and TSSP, and who designed the wonderful new cover on our Handbook on Teaching Social Issues; and Gene Cowan, Art Director who works on Social Education and is responsible for your conference program. Gene is also the Webmaster of our NCSS homepage on the Internet, which is continuing to expand and attract new members to NCSS.

I certainly want to thank Susan Griffin, NCSS Director of Membership Marketing and Council Services, for all her hard work on behalf of the House of Delegates, her coordination of our membership marketing campaign, and her excellent work with NCSS affiliated regional, state, and local councils. As you know, Susan is assisted in her work by Mildred McBee, another long time NCSS staff member. Timothy McGettigan is the NCSS Director of Finance and is assisted by Margaret Black, who also serves as the NCSS Receptionist. In the last two years, Tim has brought order out of the chaos that was our financial management system. He has given me tremendous assistance in improving NCSS’ financial situation. So I want to thank Tim and Margaret.

Sandy Roberts, Director of Membership Processing, and her assistant, Marcia Gerran, have streamlined our membership processing procedures using our new technology and also have been working closely with Marketing General on our membership marketing campaign. Thank you Sandy and Marcia. Rose-Kathryn Young Chaisson has continued her excellent work as the Communications and Recognitions Program Manager, and taken on an additional assignment with the American Promise Project. Finally, I’d like to thank my Executive Assistant, Tim Daly, a consummate professional who is responsible for the wonderful internal technological strides NCSS has made this year in implementing our new computer system. In addition to serving as secretary to our Board of Directors, Tim also provides a great deal of direct service to our members. Last but not least, he complements me perfectly in my work. He invariably is interested in those items that make my eyes glaze over. So we work very well together.

I’d like to conclude by saying that I’m very optimistic about the future of NCSS and social studies. I am privileged to work not only with a terrific staff, but also with the wonderful elected leaders of the organization: Pat Nickell, our President; Rich Diem, our President-Elect; Tedd Levy, our Vice-President; and all the members of the Board of Directors. I also am privileged to work with all of you. Thank you again for your dedication and willingness to serve in our House of Delegates. I am proud to be your Executive Director and hope that we can continue to work together even more productively to strengthen all of NCSS and in so doing the social studies profession. Thank you.

Fred Isele: This is the time in the House of Delegates to entertain questions from the floor to either Pat or Martharose. We are ahead of schedule so we do have some time. Do any of you have any questions to either Pat or Martharose? You did such a great job. All right. No questions? One question.


Gentleman speaker: I was wondering, are there any figures on where the membership growth has occurred by levels or types?

Martharose Laffey: Yes, there are. The growth has occurred primarily in our Comprehensive Membership category. That was the target of our marketing campaign over the last year. And if you look in the Annual Report on the second page, we have the membership statistics. In October of 1995 we had 5,873 Comprehensive Members. As of the end of October 1996, we had 7,936 Comprehensive Members. We’ve also seen an increase in Student Membership, an increase in Retired Membership, a slight decrease in Regular Institutional from 887 to 881, and an increase in Comprehensive Institutional from 870 to 905. So, the increases have been in the Comprehensive categories and also in Student and Retired. We’ve had a slight loss in Regular Members, some of whom probably converted to Comprehensive, and a slight loss in Regular Institutional. We’ve just done some tests of elementary principals. We are trying to reach out to the elementary market because, as you know, most of our membership is middle and secondary. The tests of elementary principals have been very positive. They are really willing to buy what we call an all-options package where they can get both journals: Social Studies and the Young Learner and Social Education. So we are doing a more extensive test, I think it’s in January. Am I right about that Susan?

Fred Isele: Any other questions from the floor?

Gentleman speaker: I’d like to hear something about the effectiveness of the lobbying that’s done in Washington.

Martharose Laffey: Well, the answer is, it’s effective, and there are a lot of other factors. It was effective this past year. We were fighting severe budget cuts at the beginning of the year, and we ended up getting a $3.5 billion increase. I believe it was 3.5. But even though we would like to say that was the effectiveness of our lobbying, and of course NCSS retains a lobbyist who is outside of the organization, we also belong to the committee for education funding that is a coalition of all of the major education associations devoted only to getting additional funding for education. We would like to claim credit for the success of our lobbying efforts, but I think we have to be realistic and understand that this was an election year; that education showed up as either the first, second, or third priority on virtually every poll that went out to potential voters. So I think that large increase was at least partially the result of the fact that we were in an election year. Now, this year we are not going to see any increases. There’s going to be concentration on passing IDEA, concentration on the higher education act reauthorization, so there’s not going to be money or time to devote to increases in other educational programs. Does that respond to your question?

The Acceptance of the State of The Council Report was moved and seconded.

Acceptance of Written Nominations for House Committees

Fred Isele called for and received written nominations for House committees.

Candidates Forum

Barbara Easley, Chair of the Nominations and Elections Committee, explained the structure of the candidates forum, which would include statements from Vice-Presidential candidates with questions following, and brief introductions of other candidates. Easely explained that immediately following the HOD session there would be an opportunity for delegates to speak to all Board candidates. Easely urged delegates to consider running for the NCSS Board or the Fasse Board, and to encourage qualified leaders from their states to run.

Tom McGowan, Tempe, Arizona, Candidate for Vice-President: Thank you, Barbara. I’m Tom McGowan from Tempe, Arizona, and I need to begin by saying that proposing a vision for the social studies and the NCSS seems a daunting task to me. I don’t see myself as a visionary or as even mildly prophetic. A student teacher once told me that if I were any more low key I’d be asleep, and that hardly seems to me the stuff that visionaries are made of. Though not a visionary, I know that a candidate for NCSS leadership must hold a compelling vision for citizenship teaching. Our organization must strive to convince all Americans that our work in classrooms is essential for our nation’s future. If we cannot present a powerful vision for the social studies, politicized groups will advance their prescriptions for social education instead.

My vision for social studies has been shaped by 22 years of teaching young people and helping others learn to teach them. As a coordinator of field based teacher education programs, I teach in classrooms several days a week, for I have become convinced that understanding our craft comes more from the struggle to practice it than from researching it from a distance. I believe strongly that social studies must involve more than sitting, listening, and taking standardized tests. Citizenship can only be learned in classroom communities that encourage children to act like citizens—dialoguing, questioning, reflecting, and making meaningful decisions. The words of Plato summarize my vision for citizenship learning. He wrote that a good citizen thinks, feels, and then takes action for the public good. To help children learn to be thoughtful and caring decision makers, we must emulate this vision of citizenship in our classrooms. We must think carefully about what we teach and why we teach it. We must care deeply about young people, and take a stand for their welfare whenever necessary. Less directly, but no less powerfully, Plato’s words should guide the NCSS as it champions the social studies. NCSS must formulate initiatives thoughtfully, always caring for the young people that we ultimately serve. Armed with reason and conviction, NCSS must take action to help young people hold the office of citizen.

I close with an example of the social studies teaching that I envision. Four years ago, my daughter participated in Kids Voting, Arizona. She was given a ballot and told to mark her choices for President and U.S. Senator, the only contests open to a kindergartner. But Claire insisted that she had another vote to cast. She would not leave the booth until she’d marked her ballot for Mr. Martin Luther King—her way of describing a “yes” vote on the King Day Referendum. A precinct worker told Claire that she needed to return to her classroom. With her teacher’s support, Claire wouldn’t budge until she’d voted for Dr. Martin Luther King. I’m proud of my daughter, but I’m also proud of the teacher who helped her think, feel, and then act for the public good. NCSS must always support such civic educators in a thoughtful, caring, and decisive way. Thank you for the opportunity to share my vision for social studies and the NCSS.

Rick Theisen, Maple Grove, Minnesota, Candidate for Vice-President: Hello. My name is Rick Theisen, and I think, for those who’ve been here for some time, I’m a familiar face. But if not, I’ve certainly attempted to be a good representative of social studies for Minnesota, but also for the nation. My vision is as follows. NCSS must speak for all social studies professionals, especially the 80% of our membership who are pre-kindergarten through 12th grade classroom teachers. They have the responsibility of passing on the democratic traditions, constitutional values, and historical insight essential to our nation’s survival. We must also encourage and cultivate a continuous respectful dialogue between all social studies professionals. We are all seeking the same goal.

Another part of my vision is to continue doing things that we as an organization do well. We have well organized, thought-provoking national conferences. We are increasing our membership and retiring our debt. We are publishing excellent journals and other publications. We have taken the leadership role in establishing social studies standards. We have a talented and committed staff. All of these positive NCSS activities must continue. There is, as is usually the case, some room for improvement. NCSS must become a more proactive leader of classroom teachers. We must anticipate more and react less. NCSS must become a more powerful positive force in the lives of classroom teachers. We must improve the process we use to solicit ideas from, and share information with, our PreK-12 membership. Talent, ideas and credibility will be lost if we don’t. We must become more effective in influencing the public policy makers who pass the laws and set the rules that affect social studies. We can do better. We need to address more significant substantive policy issues in the House of Delegates. The House of Delegates should be a policy-making body. Currently, it is only advisory. Membership involvement will bring greater commitment, credibility, and increased membership. We must believe in and trust our membership. Finally, we are all in some ways our worst enemy. We need to overcome the disciplinary power struggles that too often take up our energy. Our goal is not to prepare historians, political scientists, or geographers, but rather to teach our students to become virtuous citizens committed to the common good of the community. It is our reason for existence. The disciplines are tools to that end. They are not ends in themselves. Thank you very much.

Barbara Easley: The following individuals are candidates for the Secondary Level position. Two will be elected from the floor.

Dean Cantu, Missouri, Candidate for Secondary Level: My name is Dean Cantu. I am a high school social studies teacher in St. Genevieve, Missouri, and my primary goal is to continue to learn more about the students who walk through our doors and whom we share our lives with, so that we might be able to serve them even better. Thank you.

Binta Jalloh, New York, N.Y., Candidate for Secondary Level: Hi, my name is Binta Jalloh. I’m the local council president of New York City. My goal is tied to my achievement. I became a citizen about ten years ago, and today when I saw the ceremony, it reminded me of what I would like my students to be, pledge allegiance to, and really hold on to as they become active participants in this country. If elected, I would like to help the teachers to whom I will be presenting workshops make their students feel that way. Thank you.

Dale Kinney, Candidate for Secondary Level: Good afternoon. My name is Dale Kinney. I’ve been a social studies teacher at the high school level for 20 years, also the co-chairman of the Psychology SIG here at NCSS. I guess, as I thought about this question over the last several weeks—I see communication as the key goal, whether it’s in committee work or the work of the House of Delegates or whatever the case may be. We need to let our membership know what we’re doing. Thank you.

Shelly Singer, Illinois, Candidate for Secondary Level: Good evening. I’m Shelly Singer, a classroom teacher and Division Chairperson for School District U-46, the second largest school district in Illinois. I propose that NCSS work with universities and other national educational organizations, such as the National Council for the Teachers of English and the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics, to develop regional weekend workshops that will promote integration, provide teachers with opportunities to improve the teaching of the social studies, enhance the image of NCSS, and contribute to the growth of this prestigious professional organization. Thank you.

Barbara Easley: Next are the Middle Level Candidates: Allen Haskvitz from Alta Loma, California, couldn’t be with us today, but Gary Swalley is.

Gary Swalley, Candidate for Middle Level: Thank you, Barb. Good evening delegates. I’m Gary Swalley, and for 20 years I’ve survived teaching at the junior high level, and I continue to love every minute. Seventh grade social studies. Yes. Applaud all middle level teachers, please. My goals as your Middle Level representative are to continue being an active, enthusiastic voice for middle level teachers, and to focus on the need for continued improved communications between all grade levels. We see at this conference an integration in service learning and teaming. That begins at the elementary and middle level, folks, and I’m very proud to say that. And I would hope to be a part of improved communication as we move our organization forward, not only for our members but for the children of this educational village. Thank you. I appreciate your support.

Barbara Easley: There are two candidates for Elementary Level, one to be elected.

Kim Kozbial Hess, Ohio, Candidate for Elementary Level: Hi. My name is Kim Kozbial Hess. I’m a fourth grade teacher in Toledo, Ohio, public schools. One goal that I would like to reach is to communicate information about NCSS and encourage more teachers, especially elementary teachers, to participate. Thank you.

Emily Wood, Tulsa, OK, Candidate for Elementary Level: Hi. I’m Emily Wood from Tulsa, Oklahoma, from the Tulsa Public Schools. I am an enrichment teacher at Eisenhower International Elementary School. It is a full language immersion school with French and Spanish as its languages, but the key is that it has social studies as the core of its curriculum. My goal is to see us work diligently, vigorously, passionately in widening the circle for social studies—to make social studies the core of almost every elementary school in this great land—because thematic social studies units easily integrate math, writing, reading, technology, and science, and by this method we can expose children to social studies at an early age and thereby start a lifelong love affair with our wonderful discipline. Thank you.

Barbara Easley: There are two candidates at the College/University Level, one to be elected.

Ann Lockledge, North Carolina, Candidate for College/University: My name is Ann Lockledge. I’m a professor of social studies education at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. It strikes me that I’m very tired of hearing that math and reading are the basics in our educational system. I believe that those are merely tools for social studies educators to then prepare our children to be participatory good citizens. Thank you.

Barbara Easley: Murry Nelson isn’t with us, so we’re going to move on to the Other Professional Level. Sometimes it just says on your paper “Other.” That leads us all to wonder what that means. But it really does mean “other professional.” Two candidates, one to be elected.

Ronald Banaszak, Candidate for Other Professional: I’m Ronald Banaszak, and I currently direct youth education programs for the American Bar Association. But formerly I have administered non-profit organizations, been a classroom teacher for a decade, and worked in two university settings. In all those capacities and through all those years, I’ve been a member of NCSS, and have committed all of my energies and talents to the organization. I believe that the organization needs to reach out and support teachers and use its growing strength and leadership to provide the professional support that teachers need.

Mary Teague Mason, Candidate for Other Professional: Hello. My name is Mary Teague Mason. I am an Assistant Principal at Tickum Middle School in Gwinette County, which is actually the largest district in Georgia now. I’ve just taken this job on and am learning new things every day. I’m in charge of the social studies and science curriculum at the school, in addition to all the sixth graders. In the past, I’ve worked as a social studies coordinator, K-12, in this same school district, Gwinette County. I have taught at the elementary, middle, and high school levels as well as being an adjunct professor at Emory and the University of Georgia. Last year I served as Chair of the Steering Committee and had the honor of serving on the Board for a year and decided to run again. One of the areas that I’m most interested in is benefits for our membership. We have a lot of us who come to the conference knowing that we want to come back, and we’re willing to pay our money for membership. But a lot of our teachers who don’t have the opportunity to come to the conferences wonder why they should really join NCSS. And we’ve been looking at this. We’ve actually been working on it over the last year, providing teaching materials similar to the Japan package that you received this year for teachers to use in classrooms, and providing them for all members—not just the people who come to the conference. And Pat, even I have been thinking about funding for those projects; how to get corporate sponsorship to help us produce and distribute them to the entire membership. Thank you very much.

Barbara Easley: Lastly, our FASSE Board Candidates. As you saw earlier when Charlotte Anderson, as the Chair of the FASSE Board, presented $20,000 to fund a very important project, FASSE Board members are individuals who need to have a strong sense of fiscal responsibility, understand money, and have the ability to look at grants and make choices.There are two candidates, one to be elected.

Paul Horne, Columbia, SC, Candidate for FASSE Board: Good afternoon. I’m Paul Horne from Columbia, South Carolina. I’m the Social Studies Consultant Supervisor for Richland County School District 1, the past Secretary/Treasurer for the South Carolina Council for the Social Studies, and the present Executive Director of that council. My goal is to bring all the disciplines—the main disciplines that encompass the social studies—into the fold in preparing teachers to teach the social studies. It’s not just content, it’s also methods. And many of the academic discipline people with whom I work do not prepare the teachers for anything other than specific content. I want to see that move forward so that we can really implement the Standards.

Ray Wicks, Candidate for FASSE Board: Good evening. My name is Ray Wicks. I’m a former teacher and principal. I’m currently Director of Curriculum and Government Programs for the Archdiocese of St. Louis. In that capacity I serve 188 schools, elementary and secondary in 11 counties, in the areas of curriculum, federal title programs, and privately funded grant programs. I’ve also been the Missouri Council treasurer for the last 12 years. I believe that an important role of any organization like NCSS is to promote responsible research and effective practice, and I offer myself as a candidate in that endeavor as a FASSE Board member. Thank you.

Barbara Easley: Remember, make sure that you go speak to these candidates. Thank you very much.

Roll Call of the States/Nominations for House Committees

Fred Isele, Steering Committee Chair, conducted the roll call of the states to receive nominations for HOD committees.

Nominations for Assignment Committee were: Marsha Hurt, Kentucky; Jeff Ladd, New Hampshire; Vernell Forest Lewis, Mississippi; Kate Samoska, Illinois.

Nominations and Elections Committee nominees were: J. Allen Queen, North Carolina; David Saxe, Middle States; Marcie Taylor-Thoma, Maryland.

Resolutions Committee nominees were: Cricket (Frances) Kidwell, California; Rosalie Romano, Washington; Evelyn Williams, Maryland; Iris Zevin, New York.

Steering Committee nominees were: Judith Cannizzaro, Tennessee; Ten Henson, North Carolina; Harvey Kranzler, Minnesota; Ken Mareski, Michigan; Chris Stewart, District of Columbia.


President Pat Nickell adjourned the first session of the House of Delegates.

Call to Order Session Two

President Pat Nickell called the House to order and Chris Stewart, Credential Committee Chair, announced that there were 225 certified delegates seated.

Voting for House Committees

Fred Isele, Steering Committee Chair, introduced nominees for House Committees. Ballots were distributed and collected.

Recognition of Gold and Silver Star Councils

Susan Griffin, NCSS Director of Council Services and Membership Marketing: Thanks a lot. Good morning, everybody. Now how many organizations do their business this early on a Sunday morning? I think that says a lot about us. I am happy to grant recognition to our state and local councils and all our affiliated councils because they are one of the great strengths of National Council for the Social Studies. I will first recognize the Silver Star Councils, and I’d like the president or a delegate from that council to please come up and get your certificate.

Alaska Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. California Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. Colorado Council for the Social Studies, host of the Rocky Mountain/Great Plains Regional last year, Silver Star. Silver Star for Cypress Fairbanks, in the great state of Texas and its Council for the Social Studies. You guys do this every year, don’t you? A Silver Star for Florida Council for the Social Studies. The great state of Georgia got a Silver Star. Florida, come on. The Hoosier state, Indiana Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. One of our hosts for this meeting, Maryland Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. Indiana must be sleeping, the Hoosier state is sleeping. And one of our longest term affiliates, Middle States Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. Missouri Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. What a surprise, New York Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. Oklahoma Council for the Social Studies, Silver Star. And not to be outdone by one of its locals, Texas Council for the Social Studies is a Silver Star Council. And Utah Council for the Social Studies got a Silver Star this year.

And now for the Gold. This is really hard to do because you have to qualify in every category and get an increase in your joint members every year, so this is pretty hard to do. The Gold Star goes to our local council in New York City, ATSSUFT. Illinois Council for the Social Studies, Gold Star. I think we were in Chicago last year, weren’t we? Michigan Council for the Social Studies. One of the places I always like to go, Pennsylvania Council for the Social Studies, Gold Star. Another I always like to go to, South Carolina Council for the Social Studies received a Gold Star. South Carolina, congratulations. Actually there’s no state I don’t want to visit. I admit it. Washington Council for the Social Studies, Gold Star. And last but never least, Wisconsin Council for the Social Studies. Congratulations to all of you for all your hard work throughout the year. I’d like to take this opportunity to encourage everyone who hasn’t applied for Gold or Silver Star to try again next year. And if there’s anything I can do to help you with that membership development, I’d be glad to do it.

Council development is just one part of making our organizations stronger. We also have a program called Each One Reach One and I’d like to introduce Gail Thieman, who has been the power behind this program. Gail is currently the chair of the Membership Committee, and Each One Reach One is an opportunity for every professional in this organization to go out and ask another professional to join them in the good work that we do at National Council for the Social Studies. Gail, would you like to recognize the Each One Reach One program.

Recognition of Each One, Reach One

Gail Thieman, Membership Committee: Good morning. We’ve heard the wonderful news about the growth in membership of NCSS with the help of Marketing General, and this morning I want to tell you about another membership initiative that was started three years ago by the Membership Committee. The Each One Reach One Campaign is a success because of you. You take the time to reach out to a colleague and invite that person to join NCSS. Many of you go unrecognized year after year and this is one way to show our appreciation. This year, 52 of you personally recruited a total of 108 new members to NCSS, and you wrote your name on their membership application as their sponsor. This year’s sponsors are Susan Adler, Michael Anderson, Dennis Banks, Rita Bryan, John Cogan, Patty Cook, Nancy Cope, Steven Correia, Dean Cristl, Barbara Cruz, Robert Dilzer, Jr., Nancy Dubetz, Lynette Erickson, Bruce Field, John Fischetti, Michelle Foreman, Allen Garret, Dixie Grupe, Rosalind Hammond, Thomas Hewitt, Mark High, Richard Huston, Dr. June Krutzkampf, Gerald Lannigan, Dr. Susan Leighow, James Lawlor, Tedd Levy, Kristin Lubenow, Mary Mason, Edward Maloney, John Napier, David Naylor, Joe O’Brien, Maureen Prince, Michael Rayer, Fred Risinger, David Saxe, John Saye, Peter Schmidt, Don Schwartz, Dr. Jack Sheridan, Donald Sidel, Stacey Simpson, John Solberg, Kathleen Steeves, Cathy Walter, Michael Whelan, Steve White, Dr. Roger Wolff, Elizabeth Yeager, Charles Youngerman and Jack Zevin.

Now, these people put their name on the membership application of the folks they sponsored. Their names were put into a drawing and one of them won two free tickets as the Membership Committee’s way of saying thank you for doing a really great job. And now it’s my great pleasure to introduce Dr. Rita Bryan, this year’s winner of the Each One Reach One Campaign. She’s a professor in the College of Education, Department of Curriculum Instruction, at Mississippi State University. Rita is originally from the great state of Kentucky and she wanted you to know that. As an advisor for secondary social studies students and a teacher of social studies methods courses, she is in a special position to influence prospective members of NCSS. She strongly recommends that each one of her students join NCSS and her current success rate is almost 100%. Rita has even gone so far as to recruit in the grocery store in Starkville, Mississippi. She bumped into one of her former students from a summer class and asked him, “Do you belong to NCSS now?” and when he shook his head, she said she would be mailing him an application the very next day. And I have no doubt that she did. As this year’s winner of the Each One Reach One Campaign, Rita used one of her two free tickets to attend NCSS and hopes to use the second one to help her get to the International Conference in Australia in July. Rita is a wonderful example of what it means to reach out to a colleague and ask them to join NCSS. And I challenge each one of you to do the same thing. To reach out and invite a new member to NCSS, because that’s what this organization is all about. Thank you. Please help me in welcoming Rita.

Rita Bryan: First and foremost, I would like to say thank you very much for this opportunity because of my luck at winning this. That’s one of the reasons that I am here. This is my first conference, and in addition, I’m a relatively new member of the organization. Susan would probably be happy to know that I was part of the recruitment drive a year ago. In the summer, I got a letter, and I don’t know—I think membership in this organization has brought me a lot of luck. Again, thank you very much. I just want to challenge you to go out there. I know we’re busy all the time, but mention it. For myself, I try to keep a little stack of membership cards with me, and it’s sort of like in the grocery store the other day, you never know when they’re going to come in handy. Thank you.

Presentation and Actions on Resolutions

Marcel Lewinski, Chair of the Resolutions Committee introduced members of the committee: Deena Fleck Fisher, Oklahoma; Sophia Atkins, Tennessee; Edson Lott, Hawaii.


96-01 Resolution for State Council Reimbursement.

Submitted by Florida Council for the Social Studies

WHEREAS the House of Delegates of the National Council for the Social Studies is a democratic institution providing communication from the client states of the NCSS through the state and local councils; and

WHEREAS the 1995 House of Delegates passed Resolution 95-01 sponsored by the Florida Council for the Social Studies requesting $5.00 per participant to be added to registration of which $2.50 would be returned to the council of the host state and $2.50 would go to the state council of the attending registrant; and

WHEREAS the resolution assisted state councils through providing income based on national conference participation; and

WHEREAS the National Council for the Social Studies in promoting citizen education and democratic values must be a model of democratic processes; and

WHEREAS the NCSS Board of Directors rejected this resolution;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates reaffirm its support for Resolution 95-01 and request that the NCSS Board of Directors and Executive Director implement the intent of the resolution by April 1, 1997.

The Florida Council for the Social Studies moved to withdraw Resolutions 96-01 and 96-02 due to progress made in the Intergroup Relations Committee. Because Resolution 96-02 was withdrawn before being submitted, its text is not included in the minutes. No objection was made and both resolutions were withdrawn.


96-03 Resolution Calling for Federal Support for Teacher Development.

Submitted by the Teacher Education and Professional Development Committee

WHEREAS federal support for teacher development and education research has helped to improve the quality of social studies education; and

WHEREAS there have been and will continue to be attempts to significantly reduce federal funding for teacher development and educational research; and

WHEREAS National Council for the Social Studies has been a partner in the successful fight against major reductions and funding for teacher development and educational research;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates express its support for continued NCSS efforts on behalf of federal funding for teacher development and educational research.

Delegates spoke for the resolution and raised concerns about new laws regulating 501C3 organizations and their lobbying efforts. Executive Director Martharose Laffey said she would investigate with the NCSS lawyer and report back to councils. The resolutions passed unanimously.


96-04 Resolution Supporting Academic Freedom.

Submitted by the Hawaii Council for the Social Studies and the New Jersey Council for the Social Studies.

WHEREAS social studies has a special interest in academic freedom; and

WHEREAS NCSS has a long-standing policy in support of academic freedom; and

WHEREAS the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) has a long tradition as a professional association for protection of academic freedom for all teachers as clearly stated in the AAUP 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure; and

WHEREAS over 125 professional associations have endorsed the 1940 AAUP statement;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that NCSS endorse the AAUP 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure and NCSS convey its endorsement to the AAUP.

Delegates spoke in favor of the resolution although concerns were expressed about not having the full text of the AAUP document. President Nickell reminded delegates that once passed, the resolution would go to the NCSS Board for action and they would request the full document.



96-05 Resolution on Community Service

Submitted by the Minnesota Council for the Social Studies

WHEREAS community service classes are offered as an elective course at a number of schools; and

WHEREAS some school districts are establishing a community service graduation requirement; and

WHEREAS community service is a concept uniquely related to social studies education;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that NCSS develop and disseminate guidelines and or standards for community service programs as soon as possible.

Delegates spoke in support of the resolution. A friendly amendment was made to replace “community service” with “service learning” throughout. The amendment of the text was accepted by Minnesota Council.

Passed unanimously.



96-06 Resolution Commending Dr. James Barth, Dr. Howard Mehlinger, and Dr. Anna Ochoa.

Submitted by Indiana Council for the Social Studies

WHEREAS Dr. James Barth, Dr. Howard Mehlinger, and Dr. Anna Ochoa have had long and distinguished careers in social studies and social studies education; and

WHEREAS they have served social studies and social studies education nationally and internationally; and

WHEREAS they have served National Council for the Social Studies by their commitment to excellence in the field of social studies and social studies education;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that they receive the sincere appreciation of the House of Delegates for their service to the profession.

Friendly editing of resolution to correct an omission. Dr. Samuel Shermis was added to the list.


96-07 Resolution Commending the New England History Association on Their 100 years of Service to the Profession.

Submitted by the Resolutions Committee

WHEREAS the New England History Teachers Association has served the social studies profession for 100 years;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates extends congratulations and its wishes for continued success.

Henry Hicks: I’m Henry Hicks, the 6th secretary of the New England History Teachers Association (NEHTA). I missed the originating meeting. It is with particular gratitude that I acknowledge the graciousness of the President of NCSS for her very kind remarks as part of her presidential presentation on Friday evening. Very briefly, NEHTA has had a long and distinguished contribution of service to the profession founded, as noted, in 1897 at a time when the whole idea of justifying history teaching, and therefore social studies, in the public schools was in doubt. But the support of such distinguished historians as Albert Bushnell Hart and other members of the Harvard, Brown, and Yale faculties made a very significant contribution in getting the American Historical Association to endorse a place for secondary school history teaching. Since then the association has made many contributions, not the least of which is the fact that we’ve given the NCSS two distinguished presidents: Dr. Wronski and Dr. George Watson. We also continue to make contributions to the state associations; for example, at the present time our president, Peg Newberg, is a distinguished educator from the state of Maine, and it gives us particular pleasure having a Maine teacher. That in itself is a recognition that Maine has grown from her late separation from the Massachusetts Bay. Rosemarie Cipriano, a distinguished educator in Rhode Island, is a past president, and there are many others who have served on state as well as the regional and NCSS boards.

Our principal contribution at the moment is continued involvement and support in the Northeast Regional Social Studies Conference. This year, for example, the keynote speaker will be Dr. David Hackett Fischer of Brandeis University, who will also be receiving the Kidger Award from NEHTA, joining such people as Arthur Schlesinger, Dr. Broadstein Demos, and Pauline Myer in receiving that most distinguished of awards. We publish a magazine called the New England Journal of History that gives teachers the opportunity to be recognized as the scholar historians they are. And we take great pleasure in that. Currently, we are headquartered at Bentley College, having previously been at Tufts, Boston University, and Harvard. But in no way are we simply a greater Boston institution. Our membership now includes people from 34 states and 12 foreign countries, and a library subscription of well over 100 countries around the world. We look forward to 100 years from now and greeting NCSS on our 200th anniversary.



96-08 Resolution Commending Martharose Laffey, Executive Director, and the NCSS Administrative Staff.

Submitted by the Resolutions Committee

WHEREAS the Executive Director of NCSS, Martharose, and the NCSS administrative staff are vital to the success of NCSS; and

WHEREAS the Executive Director and the NCSS administrative staff have provided outstanding service to the members of NCSS;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Delegates of NCSS extend its appreciation and thanks to Martharose Laffey and the entire staff of NCSS for their contributions and service to social studies education.



96-09 Resolution Commending Pat Nickell.

Submitted by the Steering Committee

WHEREAS Pat Nickell has provided NCSS with outstanding leadership as president; and

WHEREAS Pat Nickell has served as an able spokesperson and advocate for NCSS and has worked to foster its goals; and

WHEREAS Pat Nickell has served the social studies profession and NCSS with scholarship and sincere commitment to the office as president; and

WHEREAS Pat Nickell exemplifies social studies professionalism at its highest level;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that Pat Nickell receive the sincere appreciation of the House of Delegates for this devoted dedication to NCSS and to the profession.



96-10 Resolution Commending the Washington Sheraton and Omni Shoreham Hotels.

Submitted by the Steering Committee

WHEREAS the Washington Sheraton and Omni Shoreham hotels have provided exemplary service to the attendees of the NCSS conference; and

WHEREAS the employees of the Washington Sheraton and Omni Shoreham hotels have been both courteous and helpful;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that they receive the sincere appreciation of the House of Delegates and that this sentiment be conveyed to the management of these hotels.

A delegate indicated problems with the performance of the Omni and after some discussion Resolution 96-10 was removed.

Report from the Assignment Committee

John Larner, Chair of the Assignment Committee, introduced the committee: Steve Armstrong, Connecticut; Len Burlbaw, Texas; Carol-Ann Harris, New Jersey; Kim Kozbial Hess, Ohio; Ken Mareski, Michigan; John Papadonis, Massachusetts; Sandy Senior Dauer, Connecticut. Larner acknowledged previous chair, Minnie Dyer, who is in Uganda.

Larner explained that the committee’s work was complicated by the lack of applications for Operations Committees and urged all present to look to their own council leaders and urge them to nominate people for committees. He then presented this year’s slate of members:

Academic Freedom: Emily Wood, Oklahoma; Ned Farman, New Jersey. Archives: Peggy Newberg, Maine; Laura Wendling, California. Assessment: Virginia Ahart, Massachusetts; Jacob Zeis, West Virginia. Awards: Ron Foore, Oklahoma; Tom Hetrich, Pennsylvania. Conference: Steve Armstrong, Connecticut; Carol-Ann Harris, New Jersey. Curriculum: David Berman, Pennsylvania; Helen Jones, West Virginia. Instruction: William W. Wilen, Ohio; Michael M. Yell, Wisconsin. International Activities: James F. “Chip” Adomanis, Maryland; Elizabeth Ann Yeager, Florida. Membership: Ernest Dotson, West Virginia; Lorraine Moses Stewart, North Carolina. Public Relations: Rita Bryan, Mississippi; Mary Oppegard, Oklahoma. Publications: Earl Powell, Oklahoma; Allen Singer, New York. Research: Joe Esparza, Texas; Phillip J. VanFossen, New York. Teacher Education/Professional Development: A. Lee Morganett, Indiana; Nannette Oshima, New Mexico. If any of you folks are here please stand. Thank you so much for leading us onward in our beloved NCSS. And go to that FASSE drawing because there’s a prize from western Pennsylvania that somebody’s going to receive and it’s going to teach you how to speak Pittsburgh-uese. So you be sure and go there.

Announcement of Election Results

Fred Isele: John, thank you. All right, it’s time for the announcement of the elections results. Steering Committee: Ken Mareski from Michigan and Chris Stewart from the District of Columbia. For the Resolutions Committee: Frances Kidwell from California, Rosalie Romano from Seattle, Washington, and Evelyn Williams from Maryland. For the Nominations and Elections Committee: for a 2-year term, J. Allen Queen from North Carolina; for a 3-year term, David Saxe from the Middle States; and for a 3-year term, Marcie Taylor-Thoma from Maryland. And last, the Assignment Committee: Marcia Hurt from Kentucky, Jeff Ladd from New Hampshire, and Vernell Forest Lewis from Mississippi.

And seeing that we’re almost at the end of our deliberation here, before I hand the microphone back over to Pat I would have to say a number of things. One of the highest honors was all of you voting me into this position. If I have ever seen an extension of moments of my childhood—when I would go to Polish, Swiss, German, Russian weddings that I was a family member of, where we had a church full of people drinking and having a good time partying—it came back to me the other day when all of us were dancing together. All of you seem like extended family members. It seems that NCSS, of all the organizations that I’ve ever belonged to, has always had its focus on critical thinking skills, democracy, education, the needs of the child. All of us seem to be—as I heard in Lubbock, Texas, once—cut out of the same leather, and I just wanted you to know how honored I am being a member of National Council for the Social Studies. I’d also like to say thank you very much to everyone on the Steering Committee, Susan Griffin, Pat Nickell, Martharose. I’m starting to get emotional here, so I better stop, I’ve done that before where five hours later I’m finished. But people, as Charles Dickens said, God bless us one and all.

Pat Nickell: We have someone waiting to speak. Dean.

Dean Moore: I would like to thank everybody for what they’ve done. But I’d also like to challenge this group, including myself and our state. In a way I feel really good, because the last couple of days we haven’t really had much of substance to talk about. But I kind of feel like there are things out there in this country related to social studies of substance that we should be talking about. We’re being challenged in relation to everything from teacher accountability to proficiency testing to all kinds of issues in this country, charter schools and everything else. As I read the House of Delegates Manual for this organization, I see that this body has responsibility for giving ideas to the Board of Directors for policies. I haven’t heard much in the way of policies. Maybe there isn’t any need for policies, but if there is, I would ask that this group give more serious thought to how we should advise—and maybe ask the Board of Directors for issues that are concerning them—on how we could advise them. But we have spent two half days here. We’ve done a lot of self congratulating, and that’s good, but I’d also say let’s get to some of the business as we defined it when we were created. Thank you.

Pat Nickell: Fred would like to comment on that.

Fred Isele: I would like to remind you of the purple survey that you have in your packet. We will be collecting those in the next few minutes. On the other hand, for those of you who need a few more minutes or days to reflect on how you address those questions, please send it. By the way, I need to make also another point of order. On those lavender forms, I think from what I understand the zip code is not correct. If you are sending me that information, the zip at St. Mary of the Woods College is 47876. And by the way, I think some of you probably noticed that a little secret of St. Mary of the Woods College is that we never use the village name. The village’s name is St. Mary of the Woods. We have a town of 120 people, so if you just put Fred, St. Mary of the Woods College, Indiana, it’ll get there. It’ll be hand delivered by one of the Sisters of Providence. Just so you know that. Please know that all of this information will be reported back. This is a pilot, so we’re going to refine the questions next year and do it again. I hope all of this information will be used as a touchstone, I should say a foundation for the Board of Directors and the Executive Council, so I think we’ve got a wonderful start in addressing that question.

Pat Nickell: I would just like to comment too on what Dean Moore just said. From the Board’s perspective, I truly urge you to think about the substantive issues that are facing us as educators and particularly as social studies educators. And, in your state council meetings, set aside a time to talk about some of the possible issues that you would like the National Council to address or to support you in addressing. These can come forward as resolutions, they can come forward as just simple mail requests to the Council or to me, or however you want to handle it. But I do urge you to call upon us to support you when you need it.

There were several resolutions today, though, that I thought were substantive, and I do feel as if we talked about federal funding, about academic freedom and tenure, and about service learning. Certainly those are three very substantive issues, and I commend the House and the states that brought forward those resolutions for bringing us some substantive issues to discuss. They weren’t that controversial, perhaps, but they certainly were of substance. I just want to remind you again about the survey questions. Those are critical, and will give the Board direction this spring as we think about our strategic plan for next year.

There is one thing that we usually have in the form of a resolution. I don’t want to miss this opportunity to have the House recognize the three councils that have hosted this conference. The Maryland and District of Columbia and Virginia Councils have done a magnificent job of helping me and my Co-chair and the Local Arrangements Chairs to put together a conference at a time when there was a transition on staff from one meetings director to another. And I know everything hasn’t been perfect for everyone, and for any little glitches that maybe you had to deal with, I apologize. But you have to understand too that not only did we have the transition, we grew significantly at this conference. I do want this House to recognize those three councils for all the wonderful work they’ve done in putting this conference together. Would the members of the Maryland delegation, the District delegation, and the Virginia delegation stand. We should have had them stand first. And I hope that your delegations will go back and extend our warm thanks from the House too for your hard work.

Gentleman speaker: The Local Arrangements Committee and the Program Committee for the Cincinnati conference next year would like to remind you that we have an excellent site and an excellent program coming together. We are going to be located in downtown Cincinnati, where you have the Regal Hotel, the Hyatt, the Omni, the Westin, everything connected by a skywalk. We believe that we are going to put together a very powerful program centering around cultures, and we look forward to seeing every one of you there.

Pat Nickell: And I echo that. Let’s all be in Cincinnati next year and bring all your friends, because you’re going to have a good time.

I do urge you once again to get involved and get the younger members of NCSS involved. Help them understand how to get involved on committees, as a delegate, and in making presentations. When I first joined NCSS I thought there was no way I could ever get up in front of people and make a presentation at a session. You know, that’s a national meeting. Well, help them understand that we’re all just plain people and we do the same work they do, and help get these people involved in the governance and the activities of our organization.

-- TimDaly - 02 Sep 2005
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